10 Photography Tips for Mirorrless Cameras

More and more people are choosing mirrorless cameras over digital single reflex lens cameras (DSLRs). Some do it because they are transitioning from a compact camera, others because they are too intimidated by the size and feature set of a DSLR.

Understanding your Mirrorless

y1First, in order to work your camera, you need to understand it. Mirrorless are in the Digital Compact Cameras category, which means they have tiny sensors and exchanging lenses is impossible. Being compact is one of the best attributes you can find in a MILC (mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera).

So, a MILC is like a digital SLR, only without the mirrors and all the extra features. It is also much, much smaller and lighter than a digital SLR, which means it is more versatile and chances are that you will be using it more on a daily basis, because it can easily fit in your bag. A MILC menu of controls and operation is very similar to a compact camera. But the best thing about mirrorless is that it has large sensors that help improve the image quality, giving you more accurate results.

Some people use a MILC as their only camera, other use it as an extension, while some photographers have a MILC that they take out on a daily basis, taking quick, beautiful snapshots. Either way, here are some tricks for you to make the best use of your mirrorless camera.

Mirorrless Camera Photography Tips

#1 The first tip is to invest in extra lenses. If you’ve purchased a camera with interchangeable lenses, take advantage of them. Most cameras come with the 18-35 mm zoom lens which is okay – until it isn’t. These lenses are versatile and functional, but they get in the way of achieving amazing results. For starters, you should use a wide-angle prime lens, which will help you take the most advantage of your tiny camera body. Look into the 35 mm or 50 mm prime with a maximum aperture of f/2.0 or faster. The point is, the lower the number, the better for you.

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#2 In a mirrorless camera, the light gets through the lens, without a mirror, right onto the image sensor. This means that the more light that comes through the lens, the higher the sensor and the better the picture.

#3 High-end MILC use contrast detection to adjust their autofocus, while others only have contrast-detection AF. When looking to buy a MILC, the best advice is to go for one that has focusing settings similar to DSLRs. Nobody wants their pictures to be out-of-focus.

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#4 Ideally, all MILCs have full Manual mode, Aperture and Shutter Speed. If you are a novice, you can try Program mode. The exposure will be correct, and this mode will also let you play around with Iso light sensitivity which is great for low light conditions.

#5 Canon mirrorless cameras have modes that some DSLRs don’t. Some of the features give you control over the level of background blur or adjusting the depth of fields and color richness.

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#6 For moving photos, you should place your camera on a tripod and put it on Shutter Priority mode. Set the shutter speed to 1/250 seconds. This way, you will capture most of the movement. If what you’re capturing is a really fast movement, adjust the shutter speed to 1/1250. This should be enough to freeze the moment.

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#7 When taking portraits with your MILC keep in mind that you have full control over the depth of field, so use the Aperture Priority mode as much as you can. 35mm prime (no zooming) lens or even a 50mm on a full frame camera will allow you to get the best results in photographing people. The aperture should be at around f/8, and if the distance between you and the subject is less than 6 meters, go for an aperture of f/5.6 or larger.

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#8 Almost the same tricks apply when taking a landscape photograph, only now you aperture should be of f/9 or higher to keep things in the distance in focus. If you look to have everything in the picture as sharp as possible, set your aperture to 20 or even higher, and consider using wide-angle lens.

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#9 Shooting in low light is tricky with any sort of camera, but once you get the hang of it, you will take amazing pictures. For example, using a tripod is advisable, but if you don’t have one, you needn’t worry. Turn your camera to Shutter Priority and set the shutter speed to 1/60 a second. If you don’t own a tripod, you could use something else, such as a table, or a pile of books on a chair on which to rest the camera.

#10 Even when shooting with a MILC, you should never neglect the ISO function. This allows you to get more detail in dark rooms or during the night. Of course, you could set it on Auto Mode and let the camera choose the right ISO, but you would get better results if you did it yourself.

After all, you know best. The general rule is that the higher the ISO, the more grained the image will be. Usually, during daytime, a low ISO of 100 or 200 is advisable. In low light conditions, use an ISO of 3200, especially with a mirror lens. Some MILCs offer features that help you with the noise reduction. Read the manual first and then experiment.

Conclusion

The obvious advantage of having a mirrorless camera is that your back will never suffer again from carrying your heavy DSLR. The results are similar to professional digital SLRs which is a big plus for a mirrorless. Plus, a MILC is better for a casual photographer who wants to take pictures all day.

A serious shooter is always going to go for a DSLR, especially in a studio or out in the wild. But at the end of the day, it doesn’t really matter which one you have, because there is absolutely no difference in image quality.

They both take excellent photos, but of course, they need you to make that happen.

How to Take Care of DSLR Camera Lenses

You should regularly clean the lenses on your DSLR camera. Even though you should be careful when cleaning them, this process is nothing to be afraid of. It is very important to clean the lenses only when it is needed, when they are dirty, don’t develop a habit of doing it every day because this can cause damage to the lenses. Here are some simple advices on how to clean your DSLR camera lenses when you need to.

But before we go into any detail on how to clean the lenses on your camera we advise you to purchase a UV or skylight filter and keep it attached on all times on your camera. Other than cutting unnecessary UV light from getting into the camera, the filter also protects the lenses from dirt and even breakage. Remember that filters, such as lenses, come in different qualities so if you use quality lenses, consider investing in a high quality filter also.

Also, remember to always use lens hoods on your lenses – Always!

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You will find in most stores that have camera equipment a cleaning fluid based on alcohol. This item is a must for everyone who is interested in photography and has a camera. The fluid will clean any smudges or fingerprints on the lenses and do so without causing any damage to them. Never use too much liquid, however, and always apply it on a cleaning cloth and not directly on the lens.

Cleaning Tissues

These are very thin sheets of paper used to clean any smudges on the lenses without damaging them. Always throw the tissue after using it as it is intended for one use only. Don’t be cheap or you will end up regretting it. Also, you should never ever use facial tissues as they may harm the lenses because they are too harsh.DCM108.shoot_gearcraft.step3 5653030262b848e9b609bedacad5d1a7

Cleaning Cloth

These washable cloths are a great alternative for single use cleaning tissues. They are able to remove any dust or oils found on your lenses. Always remember to keep the cloths clean, however, by regularly washing them. If you don’t wish to do so, you can always buy a new one as they are very cheap and will definitely come in handy for any camera enthusiast.

Always check your lenses before you clean them with a cloth as you don’t want to scratch the lenses if you have bigger dirt pieces on the lenses. Blow away larger dust pieces before wiping the lenses with a cloth.

Brushes

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This is a great tool if you have a lot of dust on your DSLR camera. Buy a brush that is very soft (usually the ones with camel hair) to avoid any scratches on your lenses. You might also want to consider a cleaning pen. This kind of item has a brush on one end and on the other a cleaning pad.

Silica Gel

These don’t help you clean dirt off your lenses per se but are great to throw in your camera bag to attract any moisture in it. Change them frequently or the silica gel sachets will attract far too much moisture and become utterly useless.

Pretty much all of these cleaning supplies are cheap and can be found in any camera store. However, keep in mind that you shouldn’t buy the cheapest kinds as those expensive cameras are far more important on the long run than saving a few bucks on cleaning supplies.

And of course, the best cleaning solution is prevention. Take care when changing lenses on your DSLR camera and you will be good to go every time. We hope our list helped you and we wish you (and your DSLR camera) the best.

Image Sources: Source 1, Source 2, Source 3

Best Finds for Photography Equipment in 2014

photography equipment

Putting together photography equipment can be hard to do and quite expensive. For beginners, it can be downright impossible to gather some essential devices for the home or studio without any external help or advice. That’s why we’re giving you some professional advice on where to find great photography equipment in 2014 to buy, to rent or to sell, new or used for indoor or outdoor photography. Whether your passion is for newborn photography, aerial (an RC camera can be quite expensive), wedding photography, for 360 degree photography or even the more obscure and electric Kirilian photography, we know the places to go! The following are our favorite stores for buying great photography equipment.

B&H

B&H is a great online store. Their catalog/categories are easy to browse through and its used equipment department is awesome. If you don’t want to spend a fortune on photography equipment, we suggest you browse through the used equipment section and see if anything appeals to you. All the cameras and lenses are rated for condition, which is a huge help for when you’re buying used photography equipment online. B&H will even offer you the possibility of returning the product within 30 days of purchase. You really can’t beat that!

Adorama

Adorama is, as they say, more than a camera store. Although the website doesn’t allow you to only search the used option, but they have a used/open box page where you can find a lot of useful information that will help you narrow down your search. They offer a 90-day warranty on all of their used equipment.

KEH

KEN is simply awesome and we love that site dearly. It’s THE place to go to for finding old cameras, such as film ones. It’s also the best place to buy last year’s best point-and-shoot cameras, if that’s what you’re into. One of the best things about KEH is their unbeatable rating system. They also have a blog we recommend you follow if you want to learn about the latest in the photography business. They have a 14-day return policy and also offer 6-month warranty on all of their used gear.

Virtual Photography Studio Tips for Buying Photography Equipment:

  • When it comes to putting together photography equipment, used is definitely the way to go! Used doesn’t have to mean old or antique; many photographers will sell their camera when something new comes out. Why not benefit from the desire of others to have the newest and most high end devices?
  • Make a checklist when planning to buy photography equipment. It’s great to know beforehand what you want, because it will help you not to get distracted.
  • If you’re buying a new and expensive camera get insurance for it against theft. If it gets stolen, it will impact your business, state of mind and finances and you should do something to avoid that.

If you don’t want to spend too much money on fancy photography equipment, consider making your own. A DYI reflective lighting umbrella isn’t too hard to make, all you need is a pole, a sturdy umbrella and some reflective spray paint and you’re done. Look for more ideas online on how to make your own photography equipment with no more than a couple of basic tools, a list and a guide you can find online.

If you live in big cities, such as Dallas, Chicago, Miami, Los Angeles or NYC, then you can simply go to a photography studio and ask them if they have any equipment or kits for sale or rentals. Speed up the whole process by making a list of all the photography studios in your city and calling them. Remember, a rental piece of equipment should help you out for special occasions, don’t rely on renting alone and don’t forget that a good product can be cheap!

Make the Most from Your Camera Exposure (ISO, Shutter Speed and Aperture)

The basic key to taking good pictures is learning to make the most out of your camera exposure features, which unfortunately is something most beginners don’t look into. Most DLSR cameras now have “auto” modes that adapt the camera to the lighting conditions, enabling their users to not look into those settings themselves, but the results obtained using the camera’s auto mode are far from satisfactory. Also, no matter how much you play with your pictures afterwards in a photo editor like Picassa or even Photoshop, even if you use the most sophisticated auto-contrast and auto-lighting tools, you pictures still won’t be that great.

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The only thing that can make them truly spectacular and vouch for your truly professional photography skills is using the right camera settings in the first place instead of resorting to post-editing. Those camera exposure settings you should learn more about are sometimes called the camera exposure triangle: we’re talking about ISO, shutter speed and aperture. Here’s a short introduction on what you can do with each of those.

Camera Exposure Feature No 1: ISO

We’ve already talked to you about the importance of adjusting your ISO when we discussed a few tips on taking better family portraits. The ISO is a number reflecting your camera’s sensitivity to the available light. A lower number reflects a lower sensitivity (and must thus be used when there’s plenty of good light), while a higher number reflects a higher camera sensitivity. ISO 100 and 200 are considered low in most circumstances, 400 would be a medium, while every number bigger than that would be a high value. Greater ISO also comes with a cost: the higher the camera’s sensitivity, the more “grain” or noise in the photo’s quality. Still, when the lighting is poor or you’re trying to photograph a moving target, the payoff may be worth it. Experiment with this setting, get to know your camera and decide for yourself.

Camera Exposure Feature No 2: Shutter Speed

The second setting from the so-called camera exposure triangle which you should learn about is the shutter speed. This is a number reflecting the length of time for which a camera shutter is open for exposing light inside the camera sensor. Since we’re talking about advanced cameras here and not hundreds of years models, this number will obviously be a measure of fractions of a second. Really fast shutter speed settings (like 1/115) can successfully be used to freeze motion, while deliberately low speeds (like 1/15 or 1/20) can allow more light into the camera, making this a perfect setting for nighttime photography.

Camera Exposure Feature No 3: Aperture

Last, but not least, we should talk about the aperture feature. This is more like a technical built-in characteristic of the camera itself, referring to the hole with a lens through which light passes into the camera body. The larger this hole is, the more light can pass, making the camera more apt for certain types of photography. The depth of field (usually expressed through the letter f and is sometimes called the focal ratio) also depends on the camera’s aperture, and this refers to the portion of a scene which appears to be sharp. The larger the aperture, the smaller the depth of field will be and vice-versa.

Now remember: the important thing, besides learning how to use each of these better, is learning how to use them together. That means that if you increase one, maybe one of the others needs to be slightly decreased to compensate, and so on. For example, a large aperture usually calls for a high shutter speed, to prevent overexposure and so on. We can’t provide you with exact formulas here, because all this adjusting would depend not only on what your current camera settings are, but also on what exactly you’re trying to photograph, if it’s indoors or outdoors, in what kind of lighting conditions and so on. You need to research these things yourself, starting with your camera’s manual. Once you’ve managed to get those camera exposure features to work for you, the most important technical requirements for great pictures have been met.

The Best Small Investment Tips to Become a Pro Photographer

A lot of young photographers to be are trying to make the transition between being just a passionate amateur to being a fully legitimate professional photographer. What separates the first from the latter isn’t necessarily the skill or talent and or even the experience; but more like an arbitrary convention that differentiates between a hobby and a business. In other words, if you get paid for it, or if you open some kind of official start-up, it means you’re a pro. If you just do it for pleasure, you’re an amateur. In a way, it’s completely unfair, because if you’re striving to become a pro photographer, the term “amateur” stuck to your current identity somehow implies that you’re not doing a really awesome job, but the truth is that you may be very skilled and talented, but you just didn’t get a paid gig so far.

Still, if you want to make that transition once and for all, either by founding a small photography start-up or simply by charging fees for your services, you need to do a couple of things first. The most important thing is to be really good at photography and to keep getting better, but we’re sure you’ve already got that covered. As a young photographer striving to prove yourself, it’s probably the main thing you’re working on when it comes to improving your odds of making it to the pro league. But the other thing you should pay attention to, in addition to simply improving your skills, is investing a bit in some essentials that would help you become a pro photographer faster. Here are our tips on what small investment you should consider, the matter is of course debatable, but our suggestions do make a fine starting point.

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A tripod: We will not start this list with a good or professional camera, because it’s the first thing photography aficionados think about by themselves. Chances are, if you’re trying to become a pro photographer, you already though about it and invested in your camera by now. But our experience with aspiring photographers tells us not all think about getting a tripod as well, many preferring to just point and shoot. Perhaps it’s time to reconsider this approach.

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A cheap old film camera: Nowadays everything has of course gone digital and that has become the standard for quality and everything. Vintage film cameras are, in consequence, very cheap now, and somehow regarded as being not so good. While it’s true that digital photography opens up a world of processing possibilities and filtering options and so on, film photography should not be despised by an aspiring pro. Not only would it help your overall skills and understanding of photography if you experiment with such a camera for a while, but it would also allow you to produce some wonderful pictures which current cameras couldn’t really achieve in the same way. Just look at the wonderful work people like Oleg Oprisco are doing and you’ll understand. Also, a vintage film camera looks really cool and makes you seem the master of all equipment. If you can create amazing images with that, you can do it with any kind of gear.

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A high-power Monolight:  Professional lighting can make the difference between an amateur photo and a truly stunning and impeccably done photo. It would be a shame not to highlight your good camera and good skills with the proper accessory, and this one should be the first on your list. Why a Monolight, in particular? Because one of these can be also used indoors to create a studio-like setting, but it’s also portable enough to take with you outdoors as well (or to other locations). Until you can afford an actual photo studio, it will give you the best chance of shooting like a professional photographer and of impressing the people you work with as one. If you’re on your way to become a pro photographer, these three are the magic tricks you should have up your sleeve.

8 State-of-the-art Cameras that will Surely Drive Photographers Crazy

Guest Post by Jessica Simmons

For a photographer, choosing the best camera for them is like finding a pageant winner. They primarily set a checklist of criteria. When one candidate fails to deliver, it is automatically out of the game.

Basically, a photographer assesses the screen size, resolution, zooming capabilities, video options, weight, and battery life. Among the hordes of cameras in the market, eight made it on the list as the best ones so far:

1.    Nikon D800

Most Nikon D800 users reviewed it to be a bit expensive but definitely worth every penny. It is a full-frame model perfect for professional photographers of wedding scenes or panoramic views. It also has stellar video options that offer minimal to no noise at all.

2.    Canon EOS 5D MarkIII

For sports photographers, Canon EOS 5D has been rated as one of the best. It has improved configurability and performance, which makes it useful for shooting objects in motion. It captures good details. However, it is not that efficient in reducing noise for dark settings, which is typical of cameras nevertheless.

[Read more…]

10 Questions To Ask Before You Buy Camera Equipment

Do you ever fall for the “shiny object syndrome”? In other words, do you buy camera equipment on a whim because you fall in love with it based on a recommendation?

As a photographer, I think we can all agree we’ve fallen into that trap a time or two. I remember one time we were at a photographic convention, and the speaker talked up a new line of lighting equipment. We headed into the tradeshow area, and proceeded to purchase the entire system. Then most of it sat in our studio, unused at the back of the room.

Before you head out and spend this month’s profits on that new lens you’ve been eyeing, ask yourself these questions first.

1. Why do I need this new piece of equipment?

Is this truly a need, or is it a want? If you truly need something, it will ultimately benefit your business, and hurt your business if you don’t have it. A second camera body, for example, is a necessity.

2. How will this change my photography?

Some equipment will instantly change your photography, and allow you to be more creative. Moving from camera flash to a studio lighting setup will allow you to create depth, and give you a more natural lighting source whether you are in the studio or out.

3. How often will I use it?

Is this piece of equipment going to be sitting on a shelf, or in the front pocket of your camera bag? If you need it for the occasional client, there may be other options. But if you can use it again and again, every week of the year, it may be worth the investment.

4. Will I still want this item tomorrow?

Tradeshows are easy to catch you up in the excitement of wanting something new. Step back and sleep on it if you can. Evaluate the true purpose of this piece of equipment, and see if you still feel the same way in the morning.

5. Is there something else available that does the same thing at a lower cost?

Before you buy an expensive lens, can you find one that’s almost as good for half the cost? I was reading on Art Wolfe’s blog that he travels with just a few lenses, and he prefers his Canon 70-200 f4 over the 2.8 version because its just as sharp and much lighter – and less than half the cost.

Dig Deeper: The Best Photographic Equipment To Bring With You [Read more…]

Worlds Fastest Compact Flash Storage

Memory cards have come a long way in the past decade. My first cards were 256 MB and ran at 4X speed and cost $250 per card. Yes, that is correct! Not Gigabyte but Megabyte. And the speed was 4X not 400X. And the cost? Well we just knew that we were on the cusp of a learning curve, so we bit the bullet and ordered enough to cover our first event.

Back in 2001, our first digital cameras had 3.1MP sensors, so the file size was tiny at best. And since we were used to shooting film, exposure was not an issue, so we shot in jpeg. Computer hard drives averaged 20-40GB, so we always backed up the image files onto CD-ROMs that cost $1.50 – $3 each instead of leaving the files on the computer. Ah the early days of digital…

Fast-forward to today where everyone has 30GB of flash storage, RAW format is the norm, and our computers have enough storage to handle anything. If you still need more storage or want to move the file outside your location, cloud hosting may be the answer.

Video has also moved into the digital realm with most SLR cameras offering assorted video recording functions. Video put huge demands on memory and must move huge amounts of data into a storage area quickly. Compact flash cards have been the leaders in storage capacity and transfer speed for most professional grade cameras, and are now changing once again.

SanDisk brings the latest advancements to the forefront offering 128GB cards with the speed to match at 100MB per second. This will allow a capture of full HD video storage with today’s pro DSLR cameras. Advance features such as these do come at a price. SanDisk will be retailing the newest cards for $1499 so get your credit card ready.

Read the full press release at SanDisk

Want Instant Prints? Stampy Camera Design Stamps Out Images

Instant gratification pushed Polaroid into a unique niche within the photography industry. The ability to view the image almost immediately allowed a pleasure no other company could create: a way to instantly view our imagery and have a print to share.

Now, we are in the digital age where every camera has instant gratification via a small LCD camera screen. Yet there is still a problem: no print to share and pass around. If you want hard copies, you will need to upload them to your favorite lab or print them on your printer…not so instant. Designer Jinhee Kim unveiled a cool design where a digital images can be stamped onto paper almost as fast as developing a Polaroid.

Licensed by Yanko Design, the innovative product named Stamp.y is coming to life. No pricing or availability has been announced.




via Yankodesign

This Is How Much Digital Cameras Have Changed In The Past Decade

It’s amazing to see how much things can change in a decade. Ten years ago, we invested in our first digital camera, and were amazed with the storage space on our 256 megabyte cards. Now a simple point and shoot consumer grade camera has more bells and whistles than our original DSLR.

Speed now is everything. A decade ago you could shoot at a maximum burst speed of 8 fps for up to 16 RAW frames. Today it’s at 10 fps for up to 28 RAW frames. And if you really want to show movement, with today’s Mark IV, simply turn to video mode, and capture everything as it happens.

While speed and functionality have changed considerably, the one thing that’s remained constant is cost. For about the same price as you paid a decade ago (not taking into account inflation or any other economic factors of course) you can purchase a workhorse camera perfect for the professional photographer.